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puce Newsletter AGTER April 2019. Re-building the Agricultural Land Policy of France
Robert Levesque
La lettre d'information du réseau Agter

La lettre d'information du réseau Agter

The association AGTER runs an international network of people, exchanging and thinking together how to improve the governance of land, water and natural resources.The network selects and makes information available but it also formulates suggestions and alternatives to face the current great challenges. This quaterly newsletter is presenting the latest information available on our website : www.agter.asso.fr.

28 April 2019

Re-building the Agricultural Land Policy of France

by Robert Levesque

President of AGTER

The world is facing a climate, biodiversity, and socio-economic crisis. Despite growing awareness amongst the general population, those in power continue to deny the reality of the situation. At this turning point in human history, we have two options: continue towards imminent collapse, or initiate an ecological and social transition. Achieving the latter will require us to modify existing paradigms, contradict dominant ideologies and put an end to capitalism and to the “homo economicus,” a goal that is as improbable as it is essential. AGTER’s mission and focus are highly relevant to the current situation, and the association has been working towards this paradigm shift since it was founded. We are directly involved in the pursuit of this profound change, which must take place at both the local and global levels if our planet is to remain livable.

At the end of 2018, AGTER co-produced a document entitled “Preserve and Share the Land” (see below). Land concentration in France has accelerated in recent decades. These processes of land accumulation, which are not measured or regulated by authorities, are completely lacking in transparency. Meanwhile, the dumping of bitumen and concrete on agricultural or forest lands is becoming more and more commonplace. In order to address this situation, AGTER and Terre de Liens propose that we restructure French land policy around two main pillars:

- Zero artificialization (put a halt to the destruction of soil via concrete and bitumen) and

- Land market regulation through departmental commissions for land use regulation, which would provide a public framework for encouraging local and democratic land governance that is guaranteed by the state.

It is essential that we recognize land as a Common Resource. It must be used in a way that is consistent with the interests of everyone.

Since early 2019, AGTER has been working to disseminate these proposals to an increasingly wide audience and to pass these ideas on to decision-makers in France. AGTER also intends to popularize conservation and land-sharing values at the European level and to spread them to other continents, building on the momentum created by the 2016 World Forum on Access to Land (FMAT) which took place in Valencia, Spain.

We invite you to review video footage of plenary sessions that took place during the FMAT, an international event that united more than 400 participants from 70 countries. We have also provided summaries of all the workshops on our resource site as well as many interviews with participants. http://www.agter.org/bdf/en/thesaurus_dossiers/motcle-dossiers-136.html

Translated from French to English : Jesse Rafert

Miscellaneous

The French citizen’s collective against land grabbing, which Agter leads alongside the Confederation Paysanne, the Friends of the Earth, the collective Tany for the defense of Malagasy lands, ReAct and Grain (among others), works to publicize the negative effects of land grabbing. At the beginning of the year, it organized two conferences with representatives of communities affected by the plantations of the SOCFIN and Bolloré groups in Cambodia and Cameroon (video footage of these conferences will be available online soon).

Ekta Parishad, an Indian movement of landless farmers that is organizing a giant march to Geneva in 2020 (Jai Jagat: https://www.jaijagat2020.org/), presented on the condition of India’s landless populations at a thematic meeting that took place in 2018 (see video in English below).

Additionally, video footage of three other thematic meetings organized by AGTER are now available: 1/ on the Commons, 2/ on family farming, explored through the lens of economic anthropology and 3/ on the links between the agrarian crisis and the rise of Bolsonaro in Brazil.

We also invite you to listen to “Redistributing land: Utopia?,” a France Culture radio program that was attended by two AGTER members.

We have also included several articles written by AGTER members below. Lastly, two AGTER members contributed to a book that received the “Scientific and Technical Critic’s Prize” from the Cuban Book Institute in Havana in October 2018.

article(s) French  Spanish English  - video French  English 

article(s)

Préserver et partager la terre. Synthèse des propositions d’AGTER et de Terre de Liens pour refonder la politique foncière agricole de la France

24 April 2019

Réflexion d’AGTER et de Terre de liens sur la politique foncière agricole en France. Document complet

24 April 2019

Vers une politique foncière agricole en faveur de la transition écologique et sociale. Préserver et partager la terre. Conférence de presse d’AGTER et de Terre de Liens du 27 novembre 2018

24 April 2019

Redistribuer la terre : une utopie ? Participation de deux membres d’AGTER à l’émision Cultures Monde de France-Culture

22 February 2019, by Jacobo Grajales, Michel Merlet

Ecoutez ou ré-écoutez les interviews de Michel Merlet et de Jacobo Grajales dans l’émission Cultures Monde de Florian Delorme du 20 février 2019, sur France Culture. Nous avons parlé de l’Amérique latine, de la Colombie et du Nicaragua, et Nancy Andrew a traité de l’Afrique du Sud.

Évolutions récentes de la paysannerie mexicaine. Entretien avec Elena Lazos

26 January 2019, by Elena Lazos Chavero, Coline Sauzion

Dans cet entretien réalisé par Coline Sauzion, Elena Lazos, universitaire mexicaine et membre d’AGTER, fait le point sur l’évolution de la paysannerie du Mexique, un pays dont l’évolution des structures agraires se distingue clairement de celle des pays d’Amérique du Sud, du fait de la révolution agraire du début du XXe siècle.

Les déplacements forcés de populations en Inde. Entretien avec Joël Cabalion

26 January 2019, by Coline Sauzion, Joël Cabalion

Joël Cabalion, maître de conférence en sociologie et anthropologie à l’Université de Tours, associé au Centre d’Etudes Inde-Asie du Sud (CEIAS) analyse dans cet entretien réalisé par Coline Sauzion les liens entre déplacements forcés, luttes sociales / politiques et évolution des sociétés rurales en Inde.

Opportunités et défis d’une approche par les communs de la terre et des ressources qu’elle porte. Préface de Gaël Giraud

23 January 2019, by Gaël Giraud

"... c’est bien la privatisation du monde qui est l’une des racines du problème environnemental : celle qui permet à un citoyen américain d’extraire du pétrole de son jardin ou encore aux flottes de pêche industrielles du monde entier de décimer la faune halieutique de nos océans. ..." Une contribution de G. Giraud (Chef économiste de l’AFD) pour cet ouvrage publié par le Comité technique foncier et développement qui vaut la peine d’être lue.

Foncier et séquestration du carbone dans les sols. Note de synthèse # 27 du Comité Technique Foncier et Développement

30 October 2018, by Michel Merlet, Aurore Mansion, Sandrine Vaumourin, Camila Toulmin, Alain Karsenty, Jean-Pierre Chauveau

Note de synthèse de la rencontre de la rencontre de haut niveau mobilisant des spécialistes et experts issus de différents horizons et continents pour explorer les nexus entre les questions foncières et les mécanismes favorisant la séquestration du carbone dans les sols, organisé par l’initiative « 4 pour 1000 » et le Comité technique « Foncier & développement » de la Coopération française en décembre 2017.


Políticas públicas y procesos sociales en Cuba. Aproximaciones desde las Ciencias Sociales

24 April 2019, by Arisbel Leyva, Dayma Echevarría

Este libro ha recibido el premio de la Crítica Científica y Técnica 2017.

Conservar y compartir la tierra. Síntesis de las propuestas de AGTER y de Terre de Liens para una nueva política de tierras agrícolas en Francia

24 April 2019

Preserve and Share the Land. A Synthesis of AGTER’s and Terre de liens’ Proposals to Rebuild France’s Agricultural Land Policy

23 April 2019

The opportunities and challenges presented by a land-based commons approach. Preface by Gaël Giraud

23 January 2019

" ... Most of our environmental problems stem from the privatisation of the world, from a system that allows American citizens to extract oil from their gardens, or industrial fishing fleets from all over the world to plunder the wildlife in our oceans. ..." A